Labour Mobility in Canada

The Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT) is an initiative of the Canadian Federal Government aimed at reducing barriers to the movement of person, goods, services and investments within Canada. Legislated, mandated compliance was enacted through 2009 and amendments to provincial regulations are continuing.

The mandate of all health regulators is to protect the public and work in the public interest. That is why a national agreement aimed at ensuring consistency in standards and the delivery of high quality health care was paramount.

While licensure/registration remains a provincial matter, if you have met the requirements of one province then you have substantially met the requirements of all provinces and may be able to move and become registered/licensed in any province without substantial re-examination.

It is important to be aware, however, that each province may have specific criteria respecting past or current conduct that occurred while engaging in practice, prohibitions on criminal activity and conditions regarding specific health issues.

It is important that you contact the dental regulatory authority in the province you wish to settle in if you have any questions about your eligibility.

Information on labour mobility can also be obtained from the Federal Government website on the Agreement on Internal Trade - The site contains a summary of the Agreement and the full text of the Agreement.

Labour Market Information

It must be stressed that as regulators we process applications based on whether the applicant has met the legislated requirements for registration, not on whether Canada needs dentists or not.

Unlike in some countries, dentistry is not funded by a government-supported health insurance. In Canada dentists operate as an independent, privately run businesses. The average annual income for a general dentist can range from $75,000 to about $150,000 (Canadian) or higher with the median salary around $122,000.

There are currently over 19,000 dentists in Canada. Employment for this occupation is expected to grow more rapidly than the average for all occupations in the immediate future. More job openings will be created each year from the need to replace dentists who retire.

The demand for dental services is influenced by population growth, improvements in oral hygiene that allow elderly people to keep their teeth longer and public awareness of the importance of dental health.

In addition, as the baby boom segment of the population ages, a large number of the population will need maintenance on complicated dental work. The nature of dentistry is also changing with a greater emphasis on cosmetic procedures.

The dental regulatory authorities do not provide employment services. There is no central job placement service for dentists in Canada. Clearly there is a higher competitive market in central urban centres such as Vancouver, Toronto and Montréal. Applicants might give fair consideration to practising in more rural areas where the need is greater and competition less.

For more information on labour market conditions see

This information is also available at public libraries or employment resource centres in your community.